Posted on December 21, 2017July 15, 2018 by jayvedasCommon Sleep Disorders Do you have trouble falling/staying asleep? Do you suffer from Anxiety, Depression or Insomnia? There are various types of common sleep disorders, here are some symptoms to help you recognize a potential sleep disorder and sleep disorders list. Symptoms are as follows: Feeling irritable and sleepy during the day Difficulty in staying awake while watching television or reading a book Falling asleep while driving Memory problems Slow reaction and response Sudden emotional outbursts Looking tired Difficulty in concentrating at work or school Staying awake without the support of caffeinated/energy beverages The Most Common Sleep Disorders: • Insomnia – There are 2 main types, Primary and Secondary Insomnia. You will have difficulty in falling asleep and staying asleep throughout the night. Insomnia can occur independently or as a result of another problem. Health conditions such as psychological stress, chronic pain, heart failure, hyperthyroidism, heartburn, restless leg syndrome, menopause, certain medications, drugs such as caffeine, nicotine, alcohol, working night shifts and sleep apnea can all result in insomnia. Diagnosis is based on sleep habits by looking for underlying causes by doing a thorough sleep study to look for underlying sleep disorders or other health conditions which is less common yet should be mandatory. A very basic screening may be done with two questions: "do you experience difficulty sleeping?" and "do you have difficulty falling or staying asleep?" • Central Sleep Apnea(CSA) or Central Sleep Apnea Syndrome(CSAS) – A sleep disorder where you have trouble breathing, and is diminished or absent. Typically this happens for 10 to 30 seconds either intermittently or in cycles, and is usually associated with a reduction in blood oxygen saturation and improper brain functions causing an instability in the body's feedback mechanisms that control respiration • Obstructive Sleep Apnea(OSA) - This is the most common type of sleep apnea and caused by a partial or complete blockage of the upper airway during sleep. OSA cause you to have repetitive episodes of shallow or paused breathing during sleep, despite the effort to breathe and is usually associated with a reduction in blood oxygen saturation. These episodes of decreased breathing, typically last for 20 to 40 seconds. Although muscle tone of the body ordinarily relaxes during sleep, and the airway at the throat is composed of walls of soft tissue, which can collapse, it is not surprising that breathing can be obstructed during sleep. Slight OSA is considered to be within the bounds of normal sleep, and many individuals experience episodes of OSA at some point in life, a small percentage of people have chronic or severe OSA. • Parasomnias – This is a family of disruptive sleep disorders that involve abnormal movements, behaviors, emotions, nightmares, sleepwalking, perceptions, and dreams that occur while falling asleep, sleeping, between sleep stages, or during arousal from sleep. Most parasomnias are different sleep states which are partial arousals during the transitions between wakefulness and NREM sleep, or wakefulness and REM sleep. Parasomnias can include NREM, Confusional arousals, Sleepwalking(somnambulism), Sleep terrors, Teeth grinding (bruxism), Restless legs syndrome & Periodic limb movements, Sleep sex, Sleep-related eating disorder (SRED) and Exploding head syndrome. Yes, that really does say that and is possible, I didn't believe it at first either until I confirmed. • Nightmares(Bad Dreams) – Is an unpleasant dream that can cause an emotional response from the mind, typically fear but also anxiety and sadness. The dream may contain situations of discomfort, psychological or physical terror or panic. You often will wake up in a state of distress and may be unable to return to sleep for a while. Nightmares can be caused by sleeping in an uncomfortable or awkward position, having a fever, or psychological condition such as Stress, Anxiety, Depression, Ptsd, Bipolar and as a side effect of various drugs, such as shrooms. Eating before going to sleep increases the body's metabolism and brain activity is a potential cause for nightmares. Reoccurring nightmares may require medical help, as they can interfere with sleeping patterns and cause insomnia. • Narcolepsy – This is a neurological disorder that disrupts the control of sleep-wake cycles. A long-term neurological disorder that decreases your ability to regulate sleep-wake cycles. This can cause you to have periods of excessive daytime sleepiness that usually last from seconds to minutes and may occur at any time. About 70% of those affected also experience episodes of sudden loss of muscle strength, known as cataplexy. These events can be brought on by strong emotions, anxiety or fear. Less commonly there may be moments you cant move or have vivid hallucinations while falling asleep or waking up. You will tend to sleep about the same number of hours per day as people without, but the quality of sleep will be degraded. The exact cause of Narcolepsy is unknown in modern medicine. but research has identified that up to 10% of cases have a family history of the disorder. Often those affected have low levels of the neuropeptide orexin which may be due to an autoimmune disorder or can be from trauma, infections, toxins, or psychological stress. Diagnosis is typically based on the symptoms and sleep studies, after ruling out other potential medical issues or causes. Excessive daytime sleepiness can also be caused by other sleep disorders such as sleep apnea, major depressive disorder, anemia, heart failure, drinking alcohol, and not getting enough sleep. Cataplexy may be mistaken for seizures. • Circadian Rhythm Sleep Disorders(CRSD) – In this disorder, the circadian rhythm or the internal body clock is disrupted and is a family of sleep disorders affecting the timing of sleep as well as other body processes as a result. You are unable to go to sleep and wake up at the times commonly required for work and school as well as social needs. They are generally able to get enough sleep if allowed to sleep and wake at the times dictated by their "body clocks". The quality of their sleep is usually normal unless they also have another sleep disorder. Humans, like most living organisms, have various biological rhythms. Circadian rhythms, often referred to as the body clock or the biological clock, control processes that re-occur daily, e.g. body temperature, alertness, and hormone secretion as well as sleep timing. Due to the circadian clock, sleepiness does not continuously increase throughout the day; a person's desire and ability to fall asleep is influenced both by the length of time since the person woke from an adequate sleep and by internal circadian rhythms. Thus, a person's body is ready for sleep and for wakefulness at relatively specific times of the day. Sleep researcher Yaron Dagan states that "[t]hese disorders can lead to harmful psychological and functional difficulties and are often misdiagnosed and incorrectly treated due to the fact that doctors are unaware of their existence". • Snoring – Snoring is the vibration of respiratory structures and the resulting in sound due to obstructed air movement during breathing while sleeping. In some cases, the sound may be soft, but in most cases, it can be loud and unpleasant. Snoring during sleep may be the first sign of Obstructive sleep apnea (OSA). Research suggests that snoring is one of the factors of sleep deprivation. a problem that not only disrupts the quality of sleep of your partner but also affects your own sleep quality. Symptoms of Sleep Disorders Articles These are just some of the topics that JVV will be covering throughout this website: Natural, Formal, and Social Sciences Learn More Recipes Here are some easy homemade recipes from shakes, teas & tonics, snacks & desserts, dressings & condiments. Learn More All contents of this Site contained within the JVV Site ("Content") are for informational purposes only. The Content is not intended to be a substitute for professional medical advice, diagnosis, or treatment. 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